Linux vs. Windows operating systems in comparison

Published November 14, 2022

Linux vs. Windows

Linux vs. Windows operating systems in comparison

Almost as old as the PC itself – the dispute over which operating system is now the best. And first of all: understandably, there is no universal answer to this question. And the distinction that Windows was intended for normal users, but professionals would use Linux can no longer be made so clearly.

Every operating system has its advantages and disadvantages. We compare Windows and Linux on the most interesting points. In this way, every user can decide for themselves whether a switch would be worthwhile.


Before we start comparing Linux and Windows, let’s take a quick look at how both operating systems work. Linux is a free multi-user operating system mainly based on GNU software and the Linux kernel. The system has a modular structure and further development is carried out by software experts from all over the world. In addition to paid employees, these experts also include volunteers, as well as non-profit organizations and companies who voluntarily invest in Linux. The Linux distribution is used on a computer. This describes the connection of the Linux kernel with various software to a running system. Linux is often used on supercomputers or workstations.

Windows from Microsoft is very popular on servers and personal computers. In addition, the operating system is also widely used on mobile devices. Windows has been the largest representation among the operating systems for years. When it comes to software, Windows is unbeatable. Hardly any program in the world is not compatible with Windows. In addition, Windows offers an in-house office suite, which makes work easier. The beginner-friendliness is also convincing for Windows.


Regarding the question of Windows or Linux, one can consider many points to determine for oneself which is the better operating system. Today we want to pick up a few points that we think are most appropriate for analysis.


Windows: The Windows operating systems are available in different versions at different price ranges.
Linux: Much of the Linux distribution is free.

license model

Windows: Proprietary software
Linux: Open source and available under the free software license GNU GPL


Windows: Simple and easy to use even for users without IT knowledge
Linux: Significantly higher barriers to entry; Operation complex

Graphic interface

Windows: Aesthetic design, modern; easy to understand
Linux: freedom of design; can even be omitted


Windows: System internal and direct help; specialist literature available
Linux: Community and wiki support


Windows: Compatible with almost all software on the market
Linux: Significantly less compatible applications


Windows: Available for almost any hardware
Linux: Hardware support is much more limited


Windows: regularly threatened by malware and viruses
Linux: Rarely the target of attacks


Windows: Slower with usage; otherwise very quickly
Linux: generally solid running speed

areas of use

Windows: Any type of user (from casual to expert); for professional as well as entertainment purposes
Linux: People who deal professionally with IT

game variety

Windows: large selection, many clients compatible, own game client and exclusive games
Linux: Linux gaming greatly reduced; significantly less choice and compatibility

Need for an antivirus program

Windows: essential (Defender or paid software)
Linux: actually not necessary


Windows: automatic update on restart or shutdown
Linux: Users decide themselves about updates; Updates are sometimes risky


Windows: very stable
Linux: depending on the software and hardware used